General Medicine

Lectures, Winter Semester, Academic year 2023/2024, 5th Class

All lectures will be held online in the MS Teams

Monday 11.9.2023, 8.30 – 11.20
Prof. M. Profant, MD, PhD
Otology | Acute and chronic otitis | Otosclerosis | Temporal bone fractures | Temporal bone tumors | Deafness management

Tuesday 12.9.2023, 8.30 – 11.20
Assoc. Prof. M. Tedla, MD, PhD
Head and Neck malignant, benign tumors (pharynx and larynx) | HPV in oropharyngeal tumors | Metastases into neck lymph nodes | Dg and th procedures

Wednesday 13.9.2023, 8.30 – 11.20
I. Goljerová, MD, PhD.
Dysphagia | Communication disorders | Pediatric Otolaryngolog

Thursday 14.9.2023, 8.30 – 11.20
Assoc. Prof. L. Varga, MD, PhD
Nose and Paranasal Sinuses | Tumors, inflammation | Nasal polyps | Allergic rhinitis | Smell disorders in COVID infectio

Monday 18.9.2023, 14.30 – 16.20
Assoc. Prof. M. Tedla, MD, PhD.
Acute and chronic oropharyngeal Inflammations | Deep neck infections

Lectures English

External ear diseases

Deafness rehab

Implantable hearing devices

Ear anatomy and physiology

Prognostic factors in the sudden sensorineural hearing loss

Middle ear inflammations


TB fractures

Schwannoma English

Theoretical Exam Questions

1.Congenital malformations of the ear
2. Inflammations of the external auditory canal
3. Injuries of the external auditory canal
4. Otitis media with effusion
5. Acute purulent inflammation of the middle ear (Acute Otitis Media)
6. Complications of acute otitis media
7. Chronic inflammation of the middle ear (Chronic Otitis Media)
8.Specific signs and symptoms of the middle ear infections in pediatric population
9. Intracranial complications of otitis media
10. Possibilities of primary and reconstructive surgical treatment for chronic middle ear infections
11. Otosclerosis
12. Injuries of the middle ear
13. Tumors of the external and middle ear
14. Disorders of hearing, differential  diagnosis in audiology
15. Rehabilitation of hearing loss
16. Differential diagnosis of vertigo
17. Meniere‘s disease
18. Toxic effect of noise on the auditory organ
19. Harmfull and infectious damage of the cochleo-vestibular system
20. Temporal bone fractures
21. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL)
22. Noise-induced hearing loss
23. Presbyacusis
24. Tumors of the vestibulocochear nerve and the posterior cranial fossa
25. Facial nerve palsy
26. Deafness and posibillities of rehabilitation for the hearing impaired patients
27. Hearing screening (Universal Newborn Hearing Screening) in infants and children
28. Inflammations of the external part of the nose
29. Congenital malformations of the nose
30. Rhinosinusitis – types, diagnosis and treatment
31. Acute rhinosinusitis
32. Chronic rhinosinusitis
33. Nasal polyposis
34. Local and distant complications of rhinosinusitis
35. Injuries of the nose, facial skeleton, maxillar fractures, fronto-basilar fractures
36. Foreign bodies in otorhinolaryngology
37. Epistaxis (Nosebleed)
38. Malignant tumors of the nose and the paranasal sinuses
39. Disorders of smell
40. Adenoid hypertrophy
41. Chronic tonsillitis
42. Snoring and Sleep apnea syndrome
43. Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma
44. Malignant tumors of the nasopharynx
45. Conception of the Functional Endonasal Sinus Surgery (FESS)
46. Computed Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Ultrasound Imaging in ENT diagnostics
47. Tonsillites
48. Complications of acute tonsillitis
49. Acute and chronic pharyngitis
50. Para- and retropharyngeal inflammatory processes in prediatric population and adults
51. Tumors of the oral cavity and the oropharynx
52. Malignant tumors of the hypopharynx
53. Pharyngeal diverticula (Zenker Diverticulum)
54. Injuries and caustic/thermal injuries of the oesophagus
55. Tumors of the oesophagus
56. Congenital malformations of the larynx including laryngoceles
57. Acute laryngitis
58. Complications of acute laryngitis in the pediatric population (subglottic, acute epiglottitis)
59. Acute stenosis of the larynx and trachea
60. Chronic stenosis of the larynx and trachea
61. Chronic inflamations of the laryng and precancerous conditions
62. Tracheotomy, cricothyrotomy, and intubation
63. Benign laryngeal tumors
64. Malignant laryngeal tumors
65. Laryngeal paralysis and laryngospasm
66. Laryngeal injuries and injuries of the trachea, organic and functional voice disorders      67. Disorders of speech
68. Congenital neck cysts and fistulas
69. Lymphadenitis of the neck
70. Differential diagnosis of cervical lymph node diseases
71. Deep neck infections
72. Tumors of the neck
73. Tumor metastasis to the cervical  lymph nodes
74. Metastasis to the cerevical lymph nodes in tumors of unknown primary origin
75. Thyroid gland diseases
76. Salivary gland diseases
77. Salivary gland tumors
78. Focal infections in ENT

Practical Exam Questions

1. Anterior rhinoscopy
2. Posterior rhinoscopy
3. Nasal packing
4. Mesopharyngoscopy (Examination of the oral cavity and oropharynx)
5. Indirect laryngoscopy
6. Indirect hypopharyngoscopy
7. Otoscopy – techniques, findings
8. Cleaning of the ear canal – foreign body, cerumen removal
9. Differential diagnosis of hearing disorders using tuning forks
10. Audiometry
11. Tympanometry, stapedial (acoustic) reflex testing
12. Hearing screening and examinations in infants and young children
13. Endoscopy in ENT diagnosis
14. Imaging in ENT diagnosis
15. Examination of the cervical lymph nodes

Recommended literature for foreign students of the 5th year of GM

Tedla M., Pavlovčinová G., Chakrabarti S., Basic Otorhinolaryngology, Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, 2017, 260 s., ISBN: 9788022339636.